Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris) Pests
A Selected Bibliography
Dr. Kim D. Coder
Daniel B. Warnell School of Forest Resources
The University of Georgia
Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) is stressed by a number of pests--some of them
significant to the lifespan and utilization of the pine. Recent papers on longleaf
pine pests are given in this publication. This list is not a comprehensive listing of
all relevant information, but a carefully selected set of papers and publications that
present the many diverse aspects of current thinking on longleaf pests and their
management. The combined literature citations within each of these listed papers
would represent a recent compilation of pest management information for longleaf
- Anderson, RF, Doggett, CA. 1980. Some relationships between infestations by the southern
pine beetle (Dendroctonus frontalis) and stand conditions. Forestry Note, Division of Forest
Resources, North Carolina. No. 49.
- Anderson, RF, Doggett, CA. 1993. Host preference of southern pine beetle in North
Carolina. Forestry Note, Division of Forest Resources, North Carolina. No. 66.
- Anderson, RL, Walkinshaw, CH. 1989. Correlation of greenhouse inoculations of longleaf
pine with Cronartium quercuum fusiforme with field ranking of resistance. Plant Disease.
- Barnard, EL, Ash, EC, Dixon, WN. 1995. Benomyl root dip and scalping improve early
performance of longleaf pine on pest infested agricultural croplands. Tree Planters' Notes.
- Barnard, EL, Cordell, CE, Gilly, SP, Kais, AG. 1993. Comparative performance of sand and
longleaf pines on a Phytophthora cinnamomi infested sandhill in West Florida. Southern
Journal of Applied Forestry. 17:90-95.
- Barnett, JP, Edwards, MB. 1995. Anipel fails to repel rodents from direct seeded longleaf pine
seeds. Proceedings of the Eighth Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference
(Auburn, Alabama, 1-3 November, 1994). General Technical Report Southern Research
Station, USDA Forest Service. SRS #1:119-121.
- Bridges, JR, Perry, TJ. 1987. Ceratocystiopsis ranaculosus sp. now associated with the
southern pine beetle. Mycologia. 79:630-633.
- Brissette, JC, Barnett, JP, Jones, JP. 1996. Fungicides improve field performance of stored
loblolly and longleaf pine seedlings. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 20:5-9.
- Carey, WA, Kelley, WD. 1994. First report of Fusarium subglutinans as a cause of late
season mortality in longleaf pine nurseries. Plant Disease. 78:754.
- Cordell, C.E. Anderson, R.L. Kais, A.G. 1989. How to identify and control brownspot disease
on longleaf pine. Protection Report R8PR-15. Pp.9.
- Dennington, RW, Farrar, RM Jr. 1983. Longleaf pine management. Forestry Report,
Southern Region, USDA Forest Service. R8-FR-3. Pp.17.
- Doggett, C, Langston, FW, Worley, WL. 1994. Nantucket pine tip moth infests longleaf pine
seedlings in a North Carolina nursery. Tree Planters' Notes. 45: 86-87.
- Doggett, CA, Smith, T. 1992. Pales weevil: A serious threat to longleaf pine production. Tree
Planters' Notes. 43:87-88.
- English, J.T. Ploetz, R.C. Barnard, E.L. 1986. Seedling blight of longleaf pine caused by a
binucleate Rhizoctonia solanilike fungus. Plant Disease. 70(2):148150.
- Esher, RJ, Marx, DH, Ursic, SJ, Baker, RL, Brown, LR, Coleman, DC. 1992. Simulated acid rain
effects on fine roots, ectomycorrhizae, microorganisms, and invertebrates in pine forests of the
southern United States. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 161:269-278,
- Farrar, RM Jr. 1990. Proceedings of the Symposium on the management of longleaf pine.
(April 4-6, 1989, Long Beach, Mississippi.) USDA Forest Service. General Technical Report
SO-75. Pp. 293.
- Fatzinger, C.W. Muse, H.D. Miller, T. Bhattacharyya, H. 1990. Survey and pest monitoring
system for southern pine seed orchards. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry.
- Funk, A. 1986. Two new Discomycetes on Pinus. Mycotaxon. 27:283288.
- Gilly, S.P. Barnard, E.L. Schroeder, R.A. 1985. Field trials for control of Rhizoctonia blight of
longleaf pine seedlings: effects of seedbed planting densities, fungicides and mulches.
Proceedings of the International Symposium on Nursery Management Practices for the
Southern Pines. D.B. South, editor. (Montgomery, Alabama, August 49, 1985.)
- Goddard, R.E. Rockwood, D.L. Kok, H.R. 1984. Cooperative Forest Genetics Research
Program: 26th Progress Report. Research Report, University of Florida, School of Forest
Resources and Conservation. #35. Pp.26.
- Grelen, H.E. 1983. May burns benefit survival and growth of longleaf pine seedlings. USDA
Forest Service General Technical Report SE-24:7073.
- Griggs, M.M. Schmidt, R.A. 1986. Disease progress of Scirrhia acicola in single and mixed
family plantings of resistant and susceptible longleaf pine. USDA Forest Service General
Technical Report WO. 50:510.
- Hatchell, GE, Marx, DH. 1987. Response of longleaf, sand, and loblolly pines to Pisolithus
ectomycorrhizae and fertilizer on a sandhills site in South Carolina. Forest Science. 33:
- Hayes, JL, Meeker, JR, Foltz, JL, Strom, BL. 1996. Suppression of bark beetles and protection
of pines in the urban environment: A case study. Journal of Arboriculture. 22:67-74.
- Hooper, RG. 1996. Arthropod biomass in winter and the age of longleaf pines. Forest
Ecology and Management. 82:115-131.
- Jewell, F.F. 1986. Histological studies of Scirrhia acicola and other needleinhabiting fungi on
longleaf and loblolly pines. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report WO. 50:14.
- Jewell, FF. 1990. Histopathology of longleaf pine needles infected by Ploioderma
hedgcockii. European Journal of Forest Pathology. 20:24-31.
- Jones, JP, Pantone DJ, Barnett JP, Brissette JC. 1992. The relationship between fungal
population development and root damage of cold stored longleaf pine seedlings. Bulletin of
the Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station. #832.
- Kais, A.G. Cordell, C.E. Affeltranger, C.E. 1986. Nursery application of benomyl fungicide for
field control of brownspot needle blight (Scirrhia acicola) on longleaf pine (Pinus palustrus).
Tree Planters' Notes 37(1):5.
- Kais, A.G. Griggs, M.M. 1986. Control of brown spot needle blight infection on longleaf pine
through benomyl treatment and breeding. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report
- Kohnle, U, Vite, JP, Meyer, H, Francke, W. 1994. Response of four American engraver bark
beetles, Ips spp. to synthetic racemates of chiral pheromones. Journal of Applied
Entomology. 1994, 117:451-456.
- Kraus, J.F. 1986. Brown spot needle blight susceptibility of longleaf pine seed sources in
Georgia and Florida. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report WO. 50:1114.
- Lantz, CW, Barnett, JP, Kais, AG. 1988. Benomyl improves storability and brown spot
resistance of longleaf pine seedlings. Management Bulletin of the Southern Region, USDA
Forest Service. R8-MB-17. Pp.2.
- Lauer, DK. 1987. Seedling size influences early growth of longleaf pine. Tree Planters'
Notes. 1987, 38:16-17.
- Li, CD, Zhu, XQ, Han, ZM, Zhang, JN, Shen, BK, Zhang, ZH, Zheng, WP, Zou, KM, Shi, FY.
1986. Investigation on brown spot needle blight of pines in China. Journal of Nanjing Institute
of Forestry. #2. Pp.11-18,
- Li, XP, Wang, YJ. 1997. Pinus strobus var. chiapensis and other exotic pines: Investigation
and analysis of natural nematode infections and death. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College.
- Lipscomb, D.J. 1989. Impacts of feral hogs on longleaf pine regeneration. Southern Journal
of Applied Forestry. 13(4):177181.
- Lott, LH, Schmidtling, RC, Snow, GA. 1997. Susceptibility to brown spot needle blight and
fusiform rust in selected longleaf pine and hybrids. Tree Planters' Notes. 47:11-15.
- Otrosina, WJ, Hess, NJ, Zarnoch, SJ, Perry, TJ, Jones, JP. 1997. Blue stain fungi associated
with roots of southern pine trees attacked by the southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus
frontalis. Plant Disease. 81:942-945.
- Peterson, GW. 1986. Recent research on conifer needle diseases. USDA Forest Service,
GTR WO-50. Pp.106.
- Runion, G.B. Bruck, R.I. 1988. Effects of thiabendazoleDMSO treatment of longleaf pine seed
contaminated with Fusarium subglutinans on germination and seedling survival. Plant
- Runion, GB, Kelley, WD, Land, DH, Gilly, SP, Sharp, DJ. 1994. Chemical control of
Rhizoctonia seedling blight of longleaf pine. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 18: 5-9.
- Siegfried, BD. 1987. In flight responses of the pales weevil, Hylobius pales to monoterpene
constituents of southern pine gum turpentine. Florida Entomologist. 70:97-102.
- Sluder, E.R. 1983. Three increments of gain from three stages of selection in slash and
longleaf pines and heritabilities at age 21 years. Proceedings of the Southern Forest Tree
Improvement Conference. #39: 253261.
- Sluder, E.R. 1986. Gains from firstcycle selection in slash and longleaf pines. Silvae
- South, DB, Loewenstein, NJ. 1994. Effects of Viterra root dips and benomyl on root growth
potential and survival of longleaf pine seedlings. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry.
- Suga, T, Ohta, S, Munesada, K, Ide, N, Kurokawa, M, Shimizu, M, Ohta, E. 1993. Endogenous
pine wood nematicidal substances in pines, Pinus massoniana, P. strobus and P. palustris.
- Taylor, A.D. Hayes, J.L. Roton, L. Moser, J.C. 1992. A phloem sandwich allowing attack and
colonization by bark beetles and associates. Journal of Entomological Science. 27(4):311316.
- Twardus, D, Taylor, S. 1975. Attractant/bait traps for the pales weevil (Hylobius pales):
Effect of pine species and trap size. Forestry Note #22. Division of Forest Resources, North
Warnell School of Forest Resources