A primary quail management technique is farming relatively small fields. The fields are separated by fence rows and are allowed to grow native vegetation. Even when fields are large and fence rows nonexistent, certain techniques will increase the number of quail. Field borders should be disked to encourage partridge pea and other native food plants. Corn and other row crops should be laid-by early to provide natural foods and brood cover. Pastures should have bicolor lespedeza borders outside the fences. If grazing pressure in a pasture is light, native lespedezas may invade and provide additional food.
Woodlots can be burned using Georgia Forestry Commission prescriptions. On fertile soils, burn annually during January to March. On infertile soils, it may be necessary to burn only every two years. If there is an annual burning regime on infertile soils, be sure to leave small patches unburned to provide nesting cover. Before burning, contact the local unit of the Georgia Forestry Commission and adjoining landowners.
It is possible to provide both food and cover in a naturalistic manner by surrounding low-growing shrubs such as plums, with bicolor lespedeza. Such plantings should be protected from burning.
If insufficient food is available, provide a to acre food plot for each covey. Make these plots long and narrow. Locate them adjacent to suitable cover.
Quail can also be increased by planting small patches of corn in woodlots and other large expanses of timber.
Plants that can be used in food plots for quail are annual game-bird mixture, Florida beggar weed, corn, corn-soybean mixtures, annual lespedezas (Korean, Kobe, common), bicolor lespedeza, millets, peas, sorghum, soybeans, and vetch.