One of the most important aspects of deer management is regulated harvest. Food is generally no problem except in areas where deer are underharvested. Once an area's capacity to support animals has been reached, it is essential to remove the excess deer to prevent damage to the habitat.
Woodland can be managed for deer by prescribed burning at 3-5 year intervals and by timber harvest. When cuttings are made, openings should be large enough to encourage growth of young tender plants which deer eat. When possible, leave mast trees and favor food species preferred by deer.
Food plots should be no less than 1 acre and may be 3-5 acres or more. Suggested plantings are clovers, clover-grass mixtures, corn, corn-soybean mixtures, oats, winter ryegrass, soybeans, and wheat.